Thomas Brawner Gaines of Gainesville, VA and the Civil War

We saw this placard on our way home (we live in Gainesville, which abuts the Manassas battlefields to the West), and thought we should share it with you.  Thanks to the Prince William County Historical Commission for putting it up in 2017.


It is mostly self-explanatory.  The key points are that the railroad for which Gaines sold the rights on his land along the Warrenton Turnpike (today’s Lee Highway, Rt. 29) — with the specification that it be named after him, i.e. Gainesville — was the one used by Joe Johnston at First Manassas.  Their arrival helped turn the tide against the Union that day.

Also, undoubtedly, Lee and Longstreet and their men passed over this land during Second Manassas — the advance that General John Pope refused to believe existed until it was too late.

I researched this question, but found no answer: perhaps my readers can.  Note that Gaines’s middle name was Brawner and the Brawner Farm on the Second Manassas battlefield saw considerable fighting.  One source says the Brawner’s on that farm were in fact tenant farmers and the farm was owned by the Douglas family.  Were the two Brawners related?

Author: geneofva

Author of "Citizen-General: Jacob Dolson Cox and the Civil War Era," and of seven more Civil War books -- with more to come!!

7 thoughts on “Thomas Brawner Gaines of Gainesville, VA and the Civil War”

  1. Interesting read, i’am related to the Gaines family so the history here is fascinating to me. I wish my Grandmother was still alive to tell me more about the good old days growing up on her farm in Gainesville va !


  2. I am extremely impressed with your writing talents and also with
    the format in your weblog. Is that this a paid theme or did
    you modify it your self? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it is uncommon to see a nice blog like this one today..


  3. I am also descended from both the Gaines and Brawlers. James Taylor Gaines 1764-1856 and Sarah Brawler 1778-1850 were my 4th Great grandparents and 1st cousins.
    So yes the Gaines and Brawlers were related.


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